Monday, May 25, 2020

Book Report Capitalism Slavery, Eric Williams - 1513 Words

HIS294Y Thursday February 7th 2006 Book Report: Capitalism Slavery, Eric Williams Capitalism Slavery, (published by The University of North Carolina Press, 1994) was written by Eric Eustace Williams and first published in 1944. Eric Williams book, was at the time of its publication, considered years ahead of its time. It should be noted, early on within this report that, literary works on the history of the Caribbean or slavery for a matter of fact, was done by Europeans. In the preface of his book, Williams clearly asserts that his work, is not a study of the institution of slavery but of the contribution of slavery to the development of British capitalism.1 His work takes an economic view of history, which is at the†¦show more content†¦Not only is it significant addition to the ever growing historiography of the Caribbean but more importantly it is the work of the minority. The word minority, must be put in proper context, as in this case, there were not many writers from the Caribbean that were of African decent who produced scholarly works, bef ore 1950. Being a minority in his field, a native Trinidadian and Caribbean and being a member of a country that was still a colony of Britain (Trinidadian independence was achieved in August 1962), would of have had an immense influence on his writings. Your background influences the type of person you are; essentially the same can be said for Williams scholarly work, his background would have a significant influence on his ideas and conclusions which would differ from a British historian. Proof of the great impact of Eric Williams book, Capitalism Slavery, lays in the fact that after his death in 1981, till this day, historians are still debating and analyzing his work. Williams inspired the next generation of writers on Caribbean history, within the Caribbean. Although his work is criticized in European and North American academic circles, it is still revered within West Indian academicsShow MoreRelatedCapitalism And Slavery By Eric Eustace Williams Essay1232 Words   |  5 Pa gesCapitalism Slavery, (published by The University of North Carolina Press, 1994) was written by Eric Eustace Williams and first published in 1944. Eric Williams book, was at the time of its publication, considered years ahead of its time. It should be noted, early on within this report that, literary works on the history of the Caribbean or slavery for a matter of fact, was done by Europeans. In the preface of his book, Williams clearly asserts that his work, is not a study of the institutionRead MoreModern Environmental Degradation And Exploitation3639 Words   |  15 Pagesforefront, protesting the harmful practices that, in the name of profit, degrade the natural splendor and resources of our planet. Since every transformative process bears the scars of revolution, Marx argues that, in emerging from the shackles of capitalism, socialism or the â€Å"first phase† of communism will bear the birthmarks of the previous order. Thus, each worker will be given credit for his contribution. When these changes transform the society and socialism extends throughout the world, humanityRead MoreIs Linton Kwesi Johnson A Modern Classic English Poet?1934 Words   |  8 Pagesfront line written by Maya Jaggi, a biographical of Johnson’s early and later life, his influences and relevance of his poetry. The Independent newspaper article Linton Kwesi Johnson: Class-ridden? Yes, but this is still home by Sarah Morrison; a report of the effects of Johnson being published in Penguin and the online pdf version of the fourth volume of The Criterion international English journal; an analysis and comparison of T.S. Lewis’ poems to his contemporaries’. 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Black, ed., Modern American Queer History Eric Sandweiss, St. Louis: The Evolution of an American Urban Landscape Sam Wineburg, Historical Thinking and Other Unnatural Acts: Charting the Future of Teaching the Past Sharon Hartman Strom, Political Woman: Florence Luscomb and the Legacy of RadicalRead MoreGp Essay Mainpoints24643 Words   |  99 Pageson-the-ground perspectives Mainstream GOOD: Sheer physical authenticity - reliability †¢ Cost of publishing book acts as a barrier to entry against casual writers †¢ Hardly any oversight over the quality of material that gets published via new media channels †¢ Any work, regardless of its value, can easily get broadcasted to a global audience †¢ Publishers want to ensure that their books sell *quality check* †¢ Any hack can put up his dribbling on †¢ Any angst-filled teenagerRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pages. Organization Theory Challenges and Perspectives John McAuley, Joanne Duberley and Phil Johnson . This book is, to my knowledge, the most comprehensive and reliable guide to organisational theory currently available. What is needed is a text that will give a good idea of the breadth and complexity of this important subject, and this is precisely what McAuley, Duberley and Johnson have provided. They have done some sterling service in bringing together the very diverse strands of workRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 PagesDowden This book Logical Reasoning by Bradley H. Dowden is licensed under a Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. That is, you are free to share, copy, distribute, store, and transmit all or any part of the work under the following conditions: (1) Attribution You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author, namely by citing his name, the book title, and the relevant page numbers (but not in any way that suggests that the book Logical ReasoningRead MoreInternational Management67196 Words   |  269 Pagesincluding, but not limited to, in any network or other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning. Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers outside the United States. This book is printed on recycled, acid-free paper containing 10% postconsumer waste. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 QDB/QDB 1 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN 978-0-07-811257-7 MHID 0-07-811257-5 Vice President Editor-in-Chief: Brent Gordon Vice President, EDP/Central PublishingRead MoreManagement Course: Mba−10 General Management215330 Words   |  862 PagesContemporary Management, Fourth Edition Jones−George Driving Shareholder Value Morin−Jarrell Leadership, Fifth Edition Hughes−Ginnett−Curphy The Art of M A: Merger/Acquisitions/Buyout Guide, Third Edition Reed−Lajoux and others . . . This book was printed on recycled paper. Management Copyright  ©2005 by The McGraw−Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Essay on Katherine Mansfields Miss Brill - 1218 Words

As humans, much of our lives are based around social interaction. We are taught to live through various means of socialization from the time of our birth . Without this socialization and interaction among each other we can become very disillusioned and confused about how to function as a part of society. One would tend to isolate ourselves, exiled in this place we call the world. In Katherine Mansfield’s short story â€Å"Miss Brill,† one such person, herself a kind of outcast of society, creates a fantasy world in which she is at the center. â€Å"Miss Brill† is the story of a woman battling with loneliness. She partakes in a ritual in which every Sunday she would spend the entire afternoon at the local park eavesdropping and observing the people†¦show more content†¦In an attempt to make her life seem more important and extravagant than it really is, one can understand furthermore Brill’s pathetic nature. This defines Brill’s character as one of an idealist, making everyone and everything seem alive and interesting. She seems to be loosing a sense of reality and her idea what is important is somewhat warped. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Miss Brill intricately observes every little detail of the happenings around her illustrating the extent to which she has lost a grasp on reality. She makes note of everything from attire and attitudes, to body language and actions. Brill takes a kind of pride in her ability to eavesdrop. â€Å"They were odd, silent, nearly all old, and from the way they stared they looked as though they’d just come from dark little rooms or even - little cupboards!† (Mansfield 99). Miss Brill excludes herself from the rest of the people. Even when elderly people come into view, she quickly distances herself from them as though different when in fact she too is old and resides in a cupboard of her own. Brill associates and relates herself to only the younger and more attractive people. The people which society deems the most acceptable. â€Å"Now everything, her hair, her face, even her eyes , was the same color as the shabby ermine, and her hand, in its cleane d glove, lifted to dab her lips, was a tiny yellowish paw. Oh, she was so pleased to see him- delighted!† (Mansfield 98) Miss Brill describes her and herShow MoreRelatedKatherine Mansfields Miss Brill Essay1514 Words   |  7 Pageseffects; however, if they are handled poorly, it could diminish happiness. Katherine Mansfields short story, Miss Brill, uses symbol, plot, character, and point of view, to reveal the theme that creating an alternate reality through the lives of other people will not relieve loneliness. Miss Brills fur, the symbol in the short story, is contextual. The fur isRead MoreEssay on Katherine Mansfields Miss Brill787 Words   |  4 Pages quot;Miss Brillquot; The Third Person-Point of View as used by Katherine Mansfield in â€Å"Miss Brill† Katherine Mansfield’s use of the third person, limited omniscient point of view in â€Å"Miss Brill† has the effect of letting the reader see the contrast between Miss Brill’s idea of her role in life and the reality of the small part she truly plays in world around her. In one short Sunday afternoon, the main character’s view of herself changes dramatically different changes. Until the end, the readerRead MoreKatherine Mansfields Miss Brill Essay example1122 Words   |  5 Pageslife† is defined as characterization. Miss Brill by Katherine Mansfield displays the character of Miss Brill as the protagonist, confronted with the reality of her existence. In the short story Miss Brill, by Katherine Mansfield, an elderly woman spends a Sunday afternoon visiting a seaside park as part of her weekly ritual. As a developing character, Miss Brill is forced to face a har sh reality from her routine events. In the short story, Miss Brill, Katherine Mansfield effectively uses variousRead More Point of View in Katherine Mansfields Miss Brill Essay846 Words   |  4 PagesThe narrator in the story â€Å"Miss Brill† by Katherine Mansfield, is telling us this story in the third person singular perspective. Our narrator is a non-participant and we learn no details about this person, from a physical sense. Nothing to tell us whether it is a friend of Miss Brill, a relative, or just someone watching. Katherine Mansfield’s Miss Brill comes alive from the descriptions we get from this anonymous person. The narrator uses limited omniscience while telling us about this beautifulRead MoreA Character Analysis of Katherine Mansfields Miss Brill Essay830 Words   |  4 PagesKatherine Mansfields Miss Brill is a woman self-contained, not pessimistic but settled, content. She is not a victim of her circumstances, but the satisfied creator of them. You could say she has her ducks lined up the way she wants them. Through the character of Miss Brill, Katherine Mansfield reveals a woman who has the ability to enjoy a simple world of her own elaborate creation. Miss Brill is a single woman, probably in her mid to late fifties. She lives alone in a very small space withoutRead MoreCharacter Sketch of Miss Brill in Katherine Mansfields Miss Brill644 Words   |  3 Pageslonely they can begin to exhibit strange behaviors, they can become paranoid, hallucinate, or project inner thoughts into their realities. Most people who are lonely usually live alone and prefer to be a closed off from the outside world. In Miss Brill by Katherine Mansfield, she shows her loneliness by using others peoples lives for her enjoyment, for thinking she and everyone else was on a stage, also by snapping to reality when treated with cruelty. However, not having any companions, such as, friendsRead MoreKatherine Mansfields Miss Brill Essay example618 Words   |  3 Pages Miss Brill is a story about an old woman that lacks companionship and self-awareness. She lives by herself and goes through life in a repetitive manner. Each Sunday, Miss Brill ventures down to the park to watch and listen to the band play. She finds herself listening not only to the band, but also to strangers who walk together and converse before her. Her interest in the lives of those around her shows the reader that Miss Brill lacks companionship. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Loneliness playsRead MoreEssay about Katherine Mansfields Miss Brill967 Words   |  4 Pagesshort story quot;Miss Brillquot;, by Katherine Mansfield, is about an older woman who doesnt have any people around her that love her. Because of this isolation she makes things up in her mind to compensate. A person who doesnt have any significant others in his/her life may create an alternate reality to make up for what they dont have. If Miss Brill realizes that what she believes isnt reality, she can become broken and emotionally devistated. Through the setting , Miss Brill herself, her valuesRead MoreEssay about Katherine Mansfields Miss Brill627 Words   |  3 PagesIllusion vs. Reality in Miss Brill Miss Brill by Katherine Mansfield is set the Jardins Publiques in France. Every Sunday Miss Brill looks forward to getting dressed up and visiting the park, where she enjoys people watching. Her weekly visits to the park are undoubtedly the highlight of her week, bringing her great joy and satisfaction. There are many illusions in this story, in this essay I intend to show three different illusions Miss Brill uses to make herself happy and how her realityRead MoreThe Insignificant Soul in Katherine Mansfields Miss Brill Essay914 Words   |  4 Pages Miss Brill: An Insignificant Soul nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Every Sunday, Miss Brill looked forward to a wonderful day in the park. There, she would secretly dive into the lives of the surrounding human beings, taking in each of their words and actions and creating a fantasy world all of her own that she was sure she belonged in, but she was mistaken. Her fantasy world does crumble, and Miss Brill, the protagonist in the short story, â€Å"Miss Brill† by Katherine Mansfield, soon finds herself in

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Emilia’s Perspective on Betrayal in Relationships in...

Emilia’s Perspective on Betrayal in Relationships in Shakespeare’s Othello In Othello, Act IV, scene ii and iii, Emilia, Iago’s wife, reveals her opinion about relationships to the reader as she attempts to comfort Desdemona. She indefinitely believes that many men, as well as women, are frequently guilty of deception and betrayal of their partner. By this part of the play, Othello’s suspicions of Desdemona’s unfaithfulness have greatly increased, and he begins to accuse her of cheating on him. When Desdemona persistently denies his accusations, Othello becomes enraged. He sarcastically asks for her pardon and claims that he took her to be the â€Å"cunning whore of Venice† (Act IV, scene ii, line 88). Desdemona is heartbroken by her†¦show more content†¦Emilia responds, â€Å"The world’s a huge thing; it is a great price for s small vice† (Act IV, scene iii, lines 70-71). Emilia is clearly annoyed that Othello called Desdemona a whore and fervently believes that she can do better. Therefore, Emilia strongly expresses a contemporary view about the sexes in her opinion on betrayal. She argues that both men and women are unfaithful because they are in love with another person, they can not resist temptation, and they simply have a desire for entertainment. Emilia proposes the question, â€Å"What is it that they do when they change us for others? Is it sport? I think it is† (Act IV, scene iii, lines 99-100). This is how couples behave today as well. Both men and women are unfaithful in relationships. Both men and women leave their partner either because of love with another person, temptation, or a desire for â€Å"sport†. As a result of this behavior, there are more and more divorces every year. There are talk shows on television that help couples with their marriage issues and reality shows that consist of unfaithful spouses. Also, there are a variety of shows that portray cheating between couples as acceptable, all proof that disloyalty is a comm on problem among many couples today. In Emilia’s last speech to Desdemona in Act IV, she implies that in most cases, both the man and the woman are responsible for marriage trouble. She tells Desdemona that, â€Å"Yet have we some revenge. Let husbands know theirShow MoreRelatedFeminism In Shakespeares Othello1346 Words   |  6 Pages Feminism in Othello The male dominated society has hardly left any stone unturned in empowerment of women. Williams Shakespeare’s tragic play, Othello, reveals a detailed illustration of victimization of females in society. Throughout the play, the three women Desdemona, Emilia, and Bianca are rejected by their spouses, yet still cherish them completely. All three of the women are in an unbalanced marriage where the women in the relationships exert more feelings for their self-centered

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Work Life Flexibility Replaces Work life -

Question: Discuss about the Work Life Flexibility Replaces Work life Balance. Answer: Introduction Work life life balance is the proper engagement between the work, career and ambition and other things in life and lifestyle such as health, spending time with family, nurturing the hobbies and spiritual development through meditation. Whereas flexible working is the new way of maintaining work life balance. Flexible working means that a person in a company do work at any point of time. In todays world the work has become such a level that it requires to work may be all over the week. In that case flexible hour working is necessary. In this report there will be portrayal of the new methods adopted by the employees . Then there will be explanation of behavior of the human resource managers in unconventional methods (Agarwala et al. 2014). Then there will be the decisions and the implications of the leaders and the managers of the organization in this case. There are certain reasons for which flexible working has come into existent. The first thing is to improve the productivity of the company or organization. It will also lead to the better sustenance of the potential employees. It will lead to the reduction of the stress and tiredness of the employees. It will help the employees of the employees to spend time with family and friends. It will also permit the employees to nurture his or her passions. Thus, in short it will enable the employees to maintain the work-balance life. Thus, there will be less absentees of the employees in the organization. Moreover the company will have better customer service for these perspectives and consequently the employees will be committed to the organization. The human resources of the company will be enriched due to this decision. Different new methods adopted by the employees In this modern period one cannot expect a single shift of working. The business of any organization or companies have to interact with the clients and other business partners . Hence, in that context employees faces various challenges in the workplace and it becomes very difficult for the employees to give time to family, his or her own health and time for ones health. So, in order to solve this important issue the flexible working hour has been the new methods to solve this issue. Otherwise poor working balance leads to certain problems like the employee has to leave the job or become socially detached for excessive workplace. There are various types of flexible type of working :- The first one is the flexi time. Flexi time can be operated in different ways varying on the business requirements. On the other way there must be a procedure to permit employees to build up additional hours, which can be used to leave early, come in late, or take longer periods off, with the permission of the managers. For example in call centre the timings of the staffs are arranged in different times because the type of this business is not restricted to only one shift and the employees must also need time to maintain a work-life-balance. In this case the employees can also select the working time according to their convenience. The other type of flexible working is part time working. Part-time work is the most common type of flexible working. Part time working includes any sort of arrangement where the employee is contracted to work less than the full time hours and there is no obligation or any contract for it. The potential benefits of part time working leads to the employees to chose shifts according to their own choice. They can dedicate their time to other commitments and responsibilities. They do not have to obligate just like the permanent employees. But there lies a problem that they do not have any surety of their jobs. Another important feature is the job sharing where two people share the jobs . They share the pay and benefits in proportion to the hours each works. Joint workers or partners may work split days, split weeks or alternate weeks. It has been observed many times that the successful collaborators and partners jointly handle many large projects. It helps them to divide their work according to the potential of the workers. The benefit of this type of working is that when one person is at holiday then the other person can look after the work. It helps the employee to work without stress due to the sharing of the work. Another type of hour is annualized hours system is where the total number of hours to be worked over the year is fixed but there is flexibility over the employees daily and weekly working patterns. Typically, the times an employee is contracted to work are split into set shifts which cover the majority of the year unallocated shifts which the employee can be asked to work at short notice In some systems the employee is paid for unallocated shifts and owes the time to the company (Bader, Froese and Kraeh 2016). The company holds these hours or payback shifts in reserve and can ask employees to work them at short notice, to cover for colleagues or to cope with a peak in demand. The term 'zero hours' is generally understood to be an employment contract between an employer and a worker, where the employer is not obliged to provide the worker with any minimum hours of work. Moreover the flexible worker is not obliged to accept any hours of work that are offered to them (Golden, Chung and Sweet 2016). There is another type of flexible work which is named as Zero hours' contracts to meet a temporary or changeable need for staff. Zero hours contracts may be appropriate for some people who want occasional earnings and are able to be entirely flexible about when they work. Home working is also considered as another type of working when an employee regularly carries out all, or part of, their duties from home rat her than the employers premises. It could also be done occasionally or it could be a full time arrangement. Hence, it can be said that in todays world due to the improvement in technological aspects it is easy to do work from home (Lyonette 2013) . Hence it allows every person to balance his or her work working with the other responsibilities and commitments of life. However, flexible working is very fruitful and appropriate in todays world. But there are also some cons in this respect. The employees sometimes fail to maintain a balance while they are doing flexible work (Galea, Houkes and De Rijk 2014. There is an additional pressure on the employees who are not at all interested to do flexible work. Sometimes the employees are forced to do work which deteriorates the quality of services provided to the customers. There are some problem in communication when the employees do work from the home. Another factor is risk of undermanned of the staff when there is no business in the organization (Perlow. and Kelly 2014) . Inspite of this limitation there are importance of flexible working in nowadays. In that juncture the planning and policies of human resource managers and the contribution and the motivation of the leaders are very necessary. New Methods Implemented by the HRM In this time human resource managers must imply some different and strategic policies in order to maintain the flexible life working. They are :- The human resource managers of the company totally looks after the human resources of the company. It depends upon the human resource managers to a arge extent that how they will tackle the situation of the employees or the labourers of any factory ( Lewis et al. 2016) . The Human resource managers must listen the problems of the employees carefully and then take the proper decisions for them. The priority should be given according to the needs f each employee (Galea, Houkes and De Rijk 2014) . If necessary, they must consult with the managers in order to take exact decisions for it. The hr managers must provide look after the safety and security of the employees in that case he or she must be very particular about the policies of the employees. The arrangement and staffing of the employees is technically done by the hr managers. Hence, in that situation the hr managers must talk with the supervisor in order to deal with the situation (Skinner et al. 2014) . The hr managers must observe and supervise the facts that employee who are doing flexible shifts and part time jobs are not exploited in terms of doing extra work. Employees who are working from home needs proper communication and technological help in the home , in that situation it is very much important for the hr managers to look after this problem (Gangwisch 2014). The hr managers must also consider and help to grant certain leaves such as periodic leave. Periodic leave is granted to members of the staff of the organization who have served not less three years in a cooperation (Nam 2014) . It can be considered that the full payment of salary, pension and national insurance is continued , but this type of grant is mainly restricted to people who are in academic field (Zheng et al. 2015). There is another type of special leave with pay which is granted for very short time to attend meetings of learned societies, give papers at the conference and similar other purposes (Davies 2014). So, in present days it duty of the hr managers to look after these factors so that the employees can gain a proper life balance and also it enables the company to sustain valuable employee (Poggesi, Mari and De Vita 2015) . Implication of the Leaders and the Managers The leaders and the managers of the company plays the most vital role in a company or any organization. The leaders and managers are different types. Some leaders are mainly power wielders and profit-seeking . It is very much true that the leaders will focus on the profit and product generation of the company. But they must consider certain facts of life which is closely related to the different policies and features of corporate social responsibility (Shagvaliyeva and Yazdanifard 2014). The corporate social responsibility is inclusive of promoting work, family and community integration is an important part of corporate social responsibility which that is gaining prominence in many organization (Paul, Dutta and Saha 2015) . This is because businesses are having to recognize their impact and their force for change in much broader arena which was not issue of matter in the conventional business strategies . Work-life balance is one of the important aspect of the corporate social respon sibility (Lee, Back and Chan 2015 ). This is because this is not only related to the benefit of the organization only, it is highly connected to the wider thought process of not only does it impact on important organizational issues such as workforce diversity, it also has obvious linkages with the wider society. Employees are more than just valuable members of an organization or company , they also often have different purposes and roles within the community which are threatened when the particular organization puts unreasonable demands on their time (Smeaton, Ray and Knight 2015). A research conducted by the Roffley Park can be said that the the employees of the organization not only needs to spend time and carry out responsibilities regarding the friends and the employees but they also need to contribute to society by working in the charities (Cahill et al. 2015). This is inclusive of corporate social responsibility Flexible working is one of the option for the work-life balance and thus the term has been considered as work-life flexible working. In that circumstances sometimes flexible working creates pressure over the employees due the increasing in the productivity of the company (Yadav and Dabhade 2014). Hence in those circumstances it is very much significant for the leaders and the employees to thing about the benefits and interests of the employees. In emergency cases it is appropriate for the employees to work hard more. Otherwise it is not at all right to create pressure over the employees. Hence it depends on the leaders that in what ways they will tackle the situation. The leaders must also look after the moral an d ethical culture of the company in order to see that during the office hour the work is done in a proper way So, that the leaders and the managers can deliver adequate quantity of time for maintaining a work balance life. During the hours of flexible working .sometimes the managers are not present there, in that situation managers must recruit other leaders so that the work is done in a proper manner and the employees do not have to do extra work and it create anarchy and problem in the work place (Kim 2014) . Another crucial thing is according to different surveys and studies if the leaders and the managers of any organization does not give s excessive importance of work . But they also gives values on spending time with family and friends, and it is very much responsible in doing some charitable works then it is obvious that they will implement same policies in context to working. Research presented at the 2001 British Psychological Society conference demonstrated that senior executives who can work flexibly perform better than full-time managers do (Smith, Smith and Brower 2016). There is another study, which reflected the facts that the managers rated 70% of flexible workers higher than full-time colleagues and their own output in previous full-time work. Job sharers were also rated very positively, whereby 7 0% of job sharing executives were perceived to have 30% increased output over one person doing the same job. Conclusion In conclusion it can be said that the work life flexibility which is maintaining the work-life-balance depends largely on the attitude of the leaders and the managers of a company. Basically, it depends on their strategies and plans and policies of the leaders and the managers that whether the employees of the organization will able to get a s healthy lifestyle or not. Another recent research report which explored the role managers play in work-life balance in Canada which concluded that good managers are key to helping employees cope with the daily struggle of trying to balance the demands of work and home. The research, conducted by The Conference Board of Canada, highlighted the role of managers as the translators of the corporate culture and as gatekeepers to flexible work options and innovative family-friendly policies. In the Conference Board study, Canadian workers who reported having a supervisor who was sensitive to their personal/family needs had significantly higher levels of job satisfaction. They also reported missing fewer days of work than those whose supervisors were not sensitive. Reference Agarwala, T., Arizkuren-Eleta, A., Del Castillo, E., Muniz-Ferrer, M. and Gartzia, L., 2014. Influence of managerial support on worklife conflict and organizational commitment: an international comparison for India, Peru and Spain.The International Journal of Human Resource Management,25(10), pp.1460-1483. Bader, A.K., Froese, F.J. and Kraeh, A., 2016. Clash of Cultures? German Expatriates' Work?Life Boundary Adjustment in South Korea.European Management Review. Cahill, K.E., McNamara, T.K., Pitt-Catsouphes, M. and Valcour, M., 2015. Linking shifts in the national economy with changes in job satisfaction, employee engagement and worklife balance.Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics,56, pp.40-54. Davies, N., 2014. The work-life balance: You can now ask your employer for more flexible hours, but success is more likely if you come up with a plan that suits them as well, says Nicola Davies.Nursing Standard,29(2), pp.63-63. Galea, C., Houkes, I. and De Rijk, A., 2014. An insider's point of view: how a system of flexible working hours helps employees to strike a proper balance between work and personal life.The International Journal of Human Resource Management,25(8), pp.1090-1111. Gangwisch, J.E., 2014. Work-life balance.Sleep,37(7), p.1159. Golden, L., Chung, H. and Sweet, S., 2016. Positive and Negative Application of Flexible Working Time Arrangements: Comparing the United States and the EU Countries. Kim, H.K., 2014. Work-Life Balance and Employees' Performance: The Mediating Role of Affective Commitment.Global Business and Management Research,6(1), p.37. Lee, J.S., Back, K.J. and Chan, E.S., 2015. Quality of work life and job satisfaction among frontline hotel employees: A self-determination and need satisfaction theory approach.International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management,27(5), pp.768-789. Lewis, S., Anderson, D., Lyonette, C., Payne, N. and Wood, S., 2016. Public sector austerity cuts in Britain and the changing discourse of worklife balance.Work, Employment Society, p.0950017016638994. Lyonette, C., 2013. New ways of working and the implications for work-life balance. Nam, T., 2014. Technology use and work-life balance.Applied Research in Quality of Life,9(4), pp.1017-1040. Paul, M., Dutta, A. and Saha, P., 2015. Workplace spirituality and work-life balance: A Study among women executives of IT Sector Companies.International Journal of Management Behavioural Sciences (IJMBS),6, p.267. Perlow, L.A. and Kelly, E.L., 2014. Toward a model of work redesign for better work and better life.Work and Occupations,41(1), pp.111-134. Poggesi, S., Mari, M. and De Vita, L., 2015. Family and worklife balance mechanisms: what is their impact on the performance of Italian female service firms?.The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation,16(1), pp.43-53. Shagvaliyeva, S. and Yazdanifard, R., 2014. Impact of flexible working hours on work-life balance.American Journal of Industrial and Business Management,2014. Skinner, N., Elton, J., Auer, J. and Pocock, B., 2014. Understanding and managing worklife interaction across the life course: a qualitative study.Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources,52(1), pp.93-109. Smeaton, D., Ray, K. and Knight, G., 2015. Costs and benefits to business of adopting work life balance working practices: A literature review.UK Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, London. https://www. psi. org. uk/images/uploads/bis-14-903-costs-and-benefits-to-business-of-adopting-work-life-balance-working-practices-a-literature-review. p df. Accessed,4. Smith, K.T., Smith, L.M. and Brower, T.R., 2016. How Work-Life Balance, Job Performance, and Ethics Connect: Perspectives of Current and Future Accountants. InResearch on Professional Responsibility and Ethics in Accounting(pp. 219-238). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Yadav, R.K. and Dabhade, N., 2014. Work Life Balance and Job Satisfaction among the Working Women of Banking and Education SectorA Comparative Study.International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, (21), pp.181-201. Zheng, C., Molineux, J., Mirshekary, S. and Scarparo, S., 2015. Developing individual and organisational work-life balance strategies to improve employee health and wellbeing.Employee Relations,37(3), pp.354-379.

Friday, April 10, 2020

Belonging free essay sample

Belonging Dear Mum, Dad and everyone else who have been a part of my life so far, If you are reading this letter, Ive probably already left Cobra and started my journey to find somewhere that makes me feel at home, somewhere that I belong. I know that this is most likely going to come as a massive shock to you, but I feel going and discovering new places Is something that I really need. Ive also written this letter to you because I feel Its best not to talk over the phone now as this may be a hard pill for you to swallow.Vive written this letter, to offer you an explanation for my decision. As I said before, I know this is probably going to be hard to take in, but all Im asking is that you accept my decision and support me through this time. We will write a custom essay sample on Belonging or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Cobra will always be my hometown, but I dont think I can go on living here anymore. Now that Vive finally finished school, Vive got the chance to find somewhere where I belong, where I can make a living besides working in the mines every day for the rest of my life. In other words, Its as though throughout out my childhood, Vive been Like a fish, confined to my fishbowl.Now that Im older and able to make my own choices, Im ready to figuratively jump out of the fishbowl and explore the massive ocean that awaits. I want to see the world and find a place that I can call my new home, make a living, raise a family and fill this void inside me and finally feel as though my life is complete, feel that Im in a place where I belong. Vive decided to leave, because for the majority of my life, Vive had this empty feeling inside of me, making me feel as though something was missing. As a kid I never really thought of Cobra as somewhere Id stay for my entire life.I could never accept the thought of Cobra being the place where I belong, my interests were as far from what was on offer here as you could get. Vive never really seen much outside of the country scene before, I never got to go and experience what life is like In the city, or experience other lifestyles or cultures besides the life of living on a massive property with nothing but coal and 011 mines everywhere I look. The thought of knowing that there is a whole world out there for me to experience is the main contributing factor causing me to make the decision to leave.When I put the whole situation in perspective, there really isnt anything here for me that can satisfy my needs. No professional sport ever comes out here, there is next to no options when it comes to education after school, no Job openings here for Jobs Im Interested In applying for. In short, there Is really nothing here that Im Interested In, I dont belong In this place where I cant live the lifestyle I was born to live. So Vive decided Im going to try making a living in a city somewhere, some big city like Sydney, the Gold Coast, or Melbourne or something.Vive always been attracted to the city life, Just hearing about it from my friends who have been to places like Sydney, has always fed my dreams of experiencing the city. From all the stories Vive heard, city Ive always complained that life in the country was too slow for my liking, and now Im finally going to experience a more up tempo lifestyle. Im goanna go to nun and train to become a teacher, hopefully a PEP teacher, or if that doesnt work out for me, something else along the lines of sport of some description. The possibilities on o ffer in the city are endless, who knows where Ill end up. Im going to finally be able to do the things Vive never been able to do, like go to the beach, watch my favorite sports live, play the sports I love but havent been able to do because of how remote Cobra is from everything. Ill always keep in contact with you guys, and Ill always visit whenever I get the time. Cobra will always be my hometown, but Im too different from the lifestyle there to ever feel like its the place for me. This is the biggest experience Ill ever have in my life, finally being able to say Im in a place where I completely belong. Belonging free essay sample Significant moments in time shape an understanding of belonging. Explore how this is evident in you prescribed text and at least ONE other related text of your own choosing. Belonging is defined as fitting in to a particular environment or having the right personal or social qualities to be a member of a particular group. Our belonging to or connections with people, places and groups allows one to develop a distinct identity characterised by affiliation, acceptance and association. To gain a full understanding of belonging, it is essential to experience some significant moments in time as it shapes and develops our understanding of belonging. This is captured in the poems of Peter Skrzynecki’s, ‘Migrant Hostel’, ‘Feliks Skrzynecki’ and ’10 Mary Street’ using poetic techniques such as, similes, metaphors, alliteration and imagery. Skrzynecki captures the disconnection and isolation of the migrants experience and that of his family in particular. However in Anh Do’s biography, ‘The Happiest Refugee’ he uses anecdotes, recounts, description and a positive tone to address that he feels accepted in his new home. We will write a custom essay sample on Belonging or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Also in ‘Homeland’ by Anna Maria Dell’oso, this issue of cultural identity is explored by the composer through the use of metaphors and anecdotes. These texts all show a sense of belonging through place connection to and significant moments in time. They also convey that belonging isn’t easy as there are times where you may not be accepted, so attitudes to belonging can change over time depending on these significant experiences. When people do not spend a lot of time in one place, they never really feel like they belong. In the first stanza of Skrzynecki’s, ‘Migrant Hostel’, the combination of â€Å"comings†, â€Å"goings†, â€Å"arrivals† and â€Å"sudden departures† implies a sense of chaos, insecurity and instability. Skrzynecki uses similes such as â€Å"like a homing pigeon† and â€Å"birds of passage† to explain the constant change because a homing pigeon is usually trained to find its own way home which give a desire for the migrants longing for a home, a place to belong. Birds of passage† navigate from one destination to another which emphasises the absence of a fixed home for the migrants. The constant change of the hostel prevents Skrzynecki from finding a place of belonging, leaving him feeling lost and confused about his sense of self. The hostel provides a prison-like life and community group to which the migrants belong. The â€Å"barrier at the main gate† is a metaphoric and literal barrier, giving the impression of imprisonment, sealing off the migrants from the rest of the world. This isolation permits the migrants to a group, but not a country. Skrzynecki uses alliteration such as, â€Å"hunger and hate† to demonstrate the migrants emotions of other groups after their own suffering. Skrzynecki, like other migrants who would have started out their journey with hope and optimism, feels as though he does not belong in the new land because of the impermanent, instable environment, however he and the other migrants have certain things in common which unite them, consequently creates a place where they belong. In contrast with Skrzynecki’s disconnection through place and identity, Anh Do’s, ‘The Happiest Refugee’ elucidates a more positive sense of belonging. Through the use of anecdotes, he explains that it didn’t take long before his father found a job and moving out of â€Å"East Hills Migrant Hostel† within weeks, depicting that his family was trying to fit into their new country, their new culture, their new home. Do expresses his feelings to Australia in a positive aspect, showing a sense of gratitude to Australia for providing for him and his family. This is shown through the description of his family trying to adapt to the Australian lifestyle and trying to live life like any Australian family such as, participating in team sports, family outings and his parents going to work. Skrzynecki however, positions his stay in Parkes Migrant Hostel in a negative perspective through a bitter tone. Word choices such as, â€Å"reprimand† and â€Å"sanction† convey that he didn’t have a say in anything, which didn’t make him or the other migrants feel welcome. This now becomes ironic since because the migrants came here expecting in Australia, but here is a â€Å"barrier at the main gate† illustrating the migrants sentiment of separation and alienation to both their old and new country. When being in a new place, people can choose to belong and it can be adapted over time. In Skrzynecki’s, â€Å"Feliks Skrzynecki†, his father chooses not to fit in with his new culture. Through the use of a simile and hyperbole, â€Å"he loved his garden like an only child†, shows Feliks Skrzynecki’s love and devotion into his garden. This technique evokes a sense of his dedication to his garden and his fatherly feelings towards it, connecting to this place like a father connects to an only child. His sense of belonging also comes from his close Polish friends. They â€Å"reminisced about farms where paddocks flowered†. This conveys a sense of nostalgia and shared pride in their culture and heritage which connects them together which conjures a sense of belonging. Many migrants and refugees avoid adapting to their new culture by not learning a new language. However, this can cause discrimination due to their English skills. Using direct speech, Skrzynecki illustrates his father’s stubbornness to belong and adapt to the place he now lives in. â€Å"Did your father ever attempt to lean English? † reinforces Feliks Skrzynecki’s desire to not belonging and retain his heritage and culture. This also shows that he doesn’t want to let go of the country he grew up in. Unlike ‘Feliks Skrzynecki’, in Anh Do’s biography, through the use of personal recount and dialogue, Do portrays that although you can try to fit in, you may not necessarily be accepted by everyone because of your different racial background. He recalls a boy during high school yell out to him, â€Å"I’m going to smash that gook! † This racial comment would make Do feel like an outsider and would conjure a sense of not belonging to the new land he calls â€Å"home†. This comes to show that belonging isn’t easy, it takes time and there is no guarantee that you will be accepted in the end. The idea of belonging to a land is also explored in Peter Skrzynecki’s â€Å"10 Mary Street†. In this poem, Skrzynecki portrays his family’s experience belonging in 10 Mary Street as it was a place of acceptance, a place where they could embrace their old culture and still co-exist in their new life. Imagery is used to depict a clear sense of belonging to his family and to their house. Images and cultural references such as, â€Å"photographs and letters† and European food, â€Å"Keilbasa, salt herrings and rye bread† illustrates that 10 Mary Street was a place where the poet’s family and friends unite together and could freely express their old heritage. Like ‘Feliks Skrzynecki’, the poet again uses garden images in ’10 Mary Street’ to convey a connection to this place. The garden images, â€Å"grew potatoes and rows of sweet corn† and his parents daily routine going out to work in this poem displays how they fit into both their old and new culture. The shows that his family has slowly adapted to their new home and shows that you don’t have to let go of your old place and heritage you grew up in. In relation to ’10 Mary Street’, in Anna Maria Dell’oso’s, ‘Homeland’, illustrates that grasping onto you old culture isn’t always a ood thing since things change overtime. When Dell’oso’s parents return to their homeland, it’s not what they expected. They think they still belong in their old country, but in reality it is quite different. Humour and vulgar language are used to make a joke about the way Italy has changed. â€Å"It’ll all McDonalds and pigeon-shit† shows that modern Italy has changed and they don’t belong there. This depicts that the composer’s parents no longer belong to the place they once called, their â€Å"homeland†. This was a significant moment which changed their sense of belonging. The desire to belong is universal and exceeds age, location, heritage and time frames. Peter Skrzynecki’s poems, ‘Migrant Hostel’, ‘Feliks Srkzynecki’ and ’10 Mary Street’ along with Anh Do’s autobiography, ‘The Happiest Refugee’ and Anna Maria Dell’oso’s, ‘Homeland’ acknowledge that even if you have begun or have adapted to a new country and culture, you will always have your old culture and heritage inside of you as you have grown up in the old country and will have too many memories to forget and let go. These texts also prove that there are significant moments in our lives which reshapes our understanding of belonging. Belonging free essay sample We are all torn between wanting to stand apart and wanting to fit in. How is this conflict explored in 2 poems and one text? (800 words) An Amerian psychiatrist, William Glasser, once said: â€Å"We are driven by five genetic needs: survival, love and belonging, power, freedom and fun. † As humans, the impulse to search for acceptance is present in our nature; however we are also driven by our desire to be unique. It is this conflict between wanting to stand apart and wanting to fit in that shapes our identities, and distinguishes us as a distinct species in the world.These ideas of acceptance and alienation are explored in the poems Feliks Skrzynecki and Postcard, and Randa Abedel-Fattah’s feature article Prejudice is alive and well in the legal profession. Feliks Skrzynecki offers its readers an insight into the life of a man who chooses self-satisfaction over social acceptance while also reflecting the poet’s exclusion. We will write a custom essay sample on Belonging or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Skryznecki establishes the filial bond between Feliks and himself in the opening of the poem. He uses a personal pronoun in â€Å"My gentle father† to show his love and respect for this father figure.Despite the close relationship between father and son, their outlooks on life remain very different. Feliks has experienced many hardships in his life but continues to be optimistic- â€Å"Five years of forced labour in Germany did not dull the softness of his blue eyes. † The poet creates an image of a strong, resilient man who is not bitter about his experiences and further enforces this idea by saying â€Å"I never once heard him complain of work, the weather or pain. † Feliks’ past allows him to be satisfied with very little, hence he does not strive to fit in.Instead he is a self sufficient man who is content in keeping pace â€Å"only with the Joneses of his own mind’s making. † Long vowel sounds in â€Å"loved his garden like an only child† slows the rhythm and is paired with sharp, short sounds in â€Å"Alert, brisk and silent† to develop Feliks’ independent image. The poet further employs hyperbole in â€Å"He swept its paths ten times around the world† to suggest Feliks’ devotion to this life that he has created for himself. On the other hand, the poet is comfortable in the society they live in, but ironically feels distanced from his father’s world.This is seen in his inability to comprehend Feliks’ simple life. â€Å"My father sits out the evening with his dog, smoking, watching stars and street lights come on, happy as I have never been. † The present continuous tense and gentle ‘w’ and ‘s’ sounds soften the tone and create a pleasant, nostalgic mood. As he comments on â€Å"that formal address I never got used to†, the poet notes the differences of Feliks’ world and the sense of detachment in their relationship this leads to. The poet’s regretful tone in the last stanza suggests his wish to belong in his father’s world. Like a dumb prophet, watched me pegging my tents further and further south of Hadrian’s Wall. † Skrzynecki’s reference to Hadrian’s Wall illustrates the barrier and distance between them that seems to be growing. Both Feliks Skrzynecki and the poet face an inner struggle between their present and past which in effect is a choice of whether or not to belong. Peter Skrzynecki’s Post card furthers the ideas from Feliks Skrzynecki in its exploration of the difficulties he encounters by attempting to reject his heritage and fit into his present community.The idea of conflict is introduced immediately by the postcard that â€Å"haunts me. † The use of such a strong verb accentuates his response to this postcard as it differs from the typical feelings of excitement and happiness associated with a postcard. Skrzynecki’s bland, generic description of â€Å"Red buses on a bridge†¦High-rise flats and something†¦Ã¢â‚¬  mirrors his unemotional response to the picture- a stark contrast to his parents who would be proud or speak of their beloved homeland. As in Feliks Skrzynecki, the poet once again emphasises his parents and himself as products of different cultures.The poem is a reflection of the confusion in his mind: he appears indifferent yet he cannot deny the connection he seems to share with the city. The poet personifies the city to demonstrate its importance to its people. Although it has been destroyed and massacred, it remains unchanged and lives on in the memories of the Polish migrants, having â€Å"survived in the minds of a dying generation half a world away. † This concept is also portrayed with Feliks and his friends in Feliks Skrzynecki.Peter Skrzynecki does not have these associations with the city and hence chooses to reject it, as seen when he directly addresses it â€Å"For the moment, I repeat, I never knew you, let me be. † The use of imperatives implies the hold that this city and his heritage have on him. Skrzynecki acknowledges the superficial emotions he feels â€Å"I can give you the recognition of eyesight and praise†, but conveys his insecurity by rhetorically questioning â€Å"What more do you want besides the gift of despair? † Evidently, Skrzynecki is disorientated and unsure of where he fits in.Although not explicitly expressed, the city takes on the persona of a temptress to hint at the unbreakabl e relationship between the poet and his heritage. This is presented by the confident assertion that â€Å"We will meet before you die. † Postcard explores the notion that sometimes it is not by choice that we fit in or stand apart, but rather our heritage that defines our identity. Randa Abdel-Fattah shows that the conflict between standing apart and fitting in also exists for women battling the constraints of gender and cultural discrimination.Her title Prejudice is alive and well in the legal profession is sarcastically informative, but also slightly annoyed in order to clearly display her stand in this case. The words ‘alive and well’ connote that not only does prejudice exist, it is flourishing and perhaps even increasing. Like Skrzynecki, the theme of cultural belonging is central to Abdel-Fattah’s argument. Muslim women who wear the hijab as a symbol of their cultural identity are marginalised in Western society- they want to fit in but also hope to be identified by their culture. â€Å"Intelligent, dynamic, capable lawyer one minute. Oppressed, passive dimwit the next. † Cynicism is used to convey the author’s disapproval and comments on the superficial nature of society in stereotyping. By opening with an anecdote concerning her friend, the author effectively structures her article to move from the specific to the general and simultaneously adds authenticity to support her opinion. As the article progresses, the tone becomes more sombre and reveals the severity of this issue. The author achieves this by using more sophisticated language. Randa Abdel-Fattah discusses how society can play a part in a person’s fight to balance conformity and distinction.Feliks Skrzynecki, Post card and Prejudice is alive and well in the legal profession all explore the concept of the basic human need to belong but also be noticed. Says Eric Fromm, â€Å"Man may be defined as the animal that can say ‘I’, that can be aware of himself as a separate entity. † This idea is apparent in the above texts as each subject strives to distinguish themselves from the norm, yet this struggle is often hindered by their longing for companionship. We are all torn between wanting to stand apart and wanting to fit in. In the end, it is how we choose to balance them that mould us as distinct people.

Monday, March 9, 2020

How to Write a Research Project on Computer Science

How to Write a Research Project on Computer Science When you are writing a research project on computer science it is important that you cover all of the necessary components. You must include all of the following, and anything else dictated by your university. Title Page.  The title page is where you list your institution, the title of your report, and your name. In some cases your educational institution might ask that you include the date. Dedication Page and Acknowledgements.  Beyond this some institutions may ask that you list a dedication page where you dedicate your research project on computer science to someone alive or living and the acknowledgement page where you write your appreciation to anyone who has contributed to the success of your research. Abstract.  The abstract is a synopsis of your research often written in the past tense and consisting of roughly 200 words. You should have roughly one sentence for each of the sections of your research project on computer science with one sentence adequately summarizing what is contained in your work. Table of Content.  Beyond the abstract you will be asked to include a table of contents and if you use them, a table of figures or symbols. You might also need a list of abbreviations if applicable to your paper. Body.  The body of your research project on computer science is broken down into chapters. The first chapter is often the introduction where you describe the background to your topic, the scope of your project, and the purpose of your research. You want to prevent any details as to why youve completed this study. The next section or chapter is the literature review. This is where you review work done by other authors who have contributed in some fashion to the research you are going to complete. You can use this to make comments on what other people have done, where they have left off, where you are picking up, and what gaps in the research exist. The next chapter is your methodology where you resent a summary of the research design, the research procedures, and the population you use. You must detail the data sampling and the data sources accurately while also remembering to list the equipment and the materials you use. Conclusion.  The next chapter is where you prevent your results and discussion. You must present the results of your research project on computer science and compare it to your hypothesis, after which you discuss the implications your work has in the grand scheme of your field. Beyond this is the conclusion and recommendations chapter where you offer suggestions for how other researchers could improve upon your study and what recommendations you have to offer your field based on the results of your study. Following this you must present a list of your references and any extra materials you used during the research which were not included in the body of your work. This is labeled as the appendix and should contain graphs, charts, images, questionnaires, etc†¦ If you need fee-based Computer Science project writing help, you can always contact our professional research paper service.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Poverty and Social Exclusion of Refugees and Asylum Seekers Essay

Poverty and Social Exclusion of Refugees and Asylum Seekers - Essay Example This discussion is on the poverty and social exclusion of refugees and asylum seekers in United Kingdom. The refugees and the asylum seekers is the community of those human beings which has migrated from their home land and settle down in some another country. Poverty and social exclusion is the major problem among these people. Before actually discussing about the problem of the poverty and social exclusion lets discuss about the term poverty and social exclusion. Poverty can be defined in the following way. Poverty researchers commonly define poverty â€Å"as having insufficient resources to meet socially recognized needs and to participate in the wider society. Other definition is set up by UK government is that poverty means ‘lack of income and access to good quality health, education and housing, and the quality of local environment’   Thus in UK the person is called poor if his total income is less than 60% of the national average. The term poverty is divided in to two different categories, first is pathological poverty and second is structural poverty. Pathological poverty is that type of poverty which has to face the person because of his characteristic or his attitude and his approach. If the person is not able to grasp any skill necessary for employment or if he or she has chosen some wrong path in the life he has to face poverty. Pathological poverty is individual oriented and it is totally individual and not the society who is responsible for the poverty. Structural poverty is that types of poverty in which the social factors are responsible for the poverty of the people. It is the poverty of the entire community and not a particular person.